Friday, May 22, 2020

Existentialism And Progressivism Which Educational...

Brianna Price Professor Julie Smith Sodey Education 2209 October 14, 2014 Educational Philosophies: Existentialism and Progressivism Which educational philosophy do you most closely identify with and why? After taking the philosophic inventory I found that I scored highest with existentialism and second highest with progressivism. After researching both existentialism and progressivism, I concluded that I agreed with both of these philosophies. I agree with existentialism because I believe that being an individual is important. I also believe that individual choice is crucial to students. I agree with progressivism also because I think that the child should be put above of the subject matter. The interest’s of the students should be put in high regard. I scored highest with the existentialist philosophy, which is a highly subjective school of thought. Existentialism puts an emphasis on the freedom and individuality of the student and I believe that is very crucial to a productive learning environment. Another aspect of this philosophy is development of the individual. Allowing children to develop th eir personality is, in my opinion, very essential to their personal and educational development and should be encouraged in schools. Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher, believed that once people are born they must define themselves. This ideology closely aligns itself with this philosophy. Allowing children to define their individuality gives them a chance to

Friday, May 8, 2020

Masculinity In Beowulf - 1977 Words

Competition and fear of emasculation (castration): two phrases commonly associated with men and their struggle for excellence even in today’s society; however, there is more to this absurd idea of masculinity than what one might accept at face-value. Back before 700 AD, the Jutes, Angles, and Saxons ruled small, individual kingdoms across a portion of what we call Europe. Their only uniting factor was a collective fear of invasion from foreign enemies which would usually result in massive bloodshed and slaughter. This ingrained fear for survival gave way to a shared interest in the gritty darkness beneath every sound reality. In Anglo-Saxon literature, for example, nature is illustrated as a dark, unknown, as well as unforgiving place.†¦show more content†¦The exalted perfection in craftsmanship lent warriors strength in times of distress. In the end, the unknown author of Beowulf orally perpetuates a glorified version of the Anglo-Saxon heroic ideal through the lense of their masculine-dominated, violence-encrusted society; with the constant, looming threat of invasion, these hardened peoples sought refuge in the glory of depicted excellence in competition, overly-dramatized battles as well as an intense worshipping of fine craftsmanship. First of all, everything is a competition for Anglo-Saxons no matter the subject. In fact, for even the most mundane tasks there will always be a heroic ideal counterpart; for example, a carrot farmer might tackle his job with the following mindset: â€Å"I’m the best goddamned carrot farmer there is; if I see tilled soil, by god will I plant the hell out of that plot of land.† When Beowulf swims, you can count on him to take things to the extremes: â€Å"The truth is this: / when the going was heavy in those high waves, / I was the strongest swimmer of all.† (LL. 532-4). Right off the bat, Beowulf is quick to correct Unferth’s accusations by saying that he was, in fact, the best sw immer: â€Å"But Breca could never / move out farther or faster from me / than I could manage to move from him.† (LL. 541-3). In stating that he was the strongest andShow MoreRelatedMasculinity In Beowulf1745 Words   |  7 PagesMasculinity Past vs. Present Did you know there is a great controversy with today’s society, putting men over women? It is sparking debates across the world on why men are thought to be stronger and be able to do more activities than women. There is an ongoing debate between men and women on equality. Beowulf and contemporary culture assert their masculinity through physical strength, financial wealth, honor, perseverance, reputation, and intelligence. In Beowulf’s Society, physical strength wasRead MoreBeowulf Is Not Your Average Viking Warrior1498 Words   |  6 Pagesimages in medieval literature capture masculinity as well as the sword. Its phallic shape and use of dealing harm by penetrating your foe make it the ultimate allusion to the male anatomy. However, in this battle between Grendel’s mother and Beowulf, our hero’s sword cannot seem to perform its intended function. This failed display of masculinity by Beowulf is only one of many that suggest that he is not your average Viking warrior. The Beowulf poet in, Beowulf, challenges the idea of a womanizingRead MoreEssay on Womens Role in Beowulf1707 Words   |  7 PagesWealhtheow: The Role of Women in Beowulf Beowulf is an epic tale written over twelve hundred years ago. In the poem, several different female characters are introduced, and each woman possesses detailed and unique characteristics. The women in Beowulf are portrayed as strong individuals, each of whom has a specific role within the poem. Some women are cast as the cup-bearers and gracious hostesses of the mead halls, such as Wealhtheow and Hygd, while others, Grendels mother, fulfill the roleRead MoreThe Religious Principles Of Beowulf1236 Words   |  5 PagesSyncretism is defined as the combination of different beliefs or practices. This term is an important topic within Beowulf, since the poem has obviously united two religious principles. Beowulf is dedicated to expressing and explaining the Germanic heroic code, but there are specific moments when Christianity and paganism over laps. Though Paganism focuses on victory, honor, and masculinity the author manages to add the act of forgiving your enemies, the significan ce of the monsters within the poem andRead MoreEssay on The Role of Women in Beowulf1640 Words   |  7 PagesThe Role of Women in Beowulf Beowulf is an epic tale written over twelve hundred years ago. In the poem, several different female characters are introduced, and each woman possesses detailed and unique characteristics. The women in Beowulf are portrayed as strong individuals, each of whom has a specific role within the poem. Some women are cast as the cup-bearers and gracious hostesses of the mead halls, such as Wealhtheow and Hygd, while others, Grendels mother, fulfill the role of a monstrousRead MoreAnglo Saxon Mother And Grendels Roles Of Anglo-Saxon Women922 Words   |  4 PagesAnglo-Saxon women had specific roles in society: mother, wife, hostess, mediator, and retainer. Any woman that did not fit in this societal mold was rejected and considered unfeminine, which, at the time, was synonymous with monstrous. In Beowulf, Grendel’s mother is characterized as a monster because of her defiance of Anglo-Saxon gender roles and failure to follow the social expectation of hospitality, which is enhanced by her juxtaposition to Wealhtheow. Grendel’s mother challenges the rolesRead MoreA Comparison Of Thor And Beowulf728 Words   |  3 Pages Beowulf has delighted and intrigued a wide array of people for centuries. The timeless nature is visible in modern-day extensions of this epic, through heroics and battles of good versus malevolent forces. Beowulf continues to appeal to sophisticated audiences because it tells the story of a great hero prevailing over evil, a timeless theme valued by society and portrayed by his counterparts in modern media, although these new heroes display more complex qualities. Beowulf can be compared to MarvelRead MoreBeowulf: An Intersection of Christian and Pagan Ideals688 Words   |  3 Pages Beowulf: An intersection of Christian and pagan ideals The epic poem Beowulf is the story of a great, ideal hero of Anglo-Saxon, pre-Christian culture transposed into Christian times. It stands on a crossroads of literature: on one hand, it is not written in conventional, standard English and unlike Chaucer it requires a modern translation for a contemporary reader to comprehend it. On the other hand, its essential themes reoccur time and time again in English literature. Its pagan roots areRead MoreMasculinity : Portrayal Of Masculinity2222 Words   |  9 Pages‘Masculinity refers to the social roles, behaviours, and meanings prescribed for men in any given society at any one time†¦ Although we experience gender to be an internal facet of identity, the concept of masculinity is produced within the institutions of society and through our daily interactions (Kimmel 2000)’ . As the type of behaviour and ideals that constitute as masculine vary depending on the social context of the time, the portrayal of masculinity in B eowulf and SGGK (Sir Gawain and theRead MoreAnalysis Of Anglo-Saxon Culture In Beowulf1031 Words   |  5 PagesAnglo-Saxon culture, as conceived through the context and writing of Beowulf, provides a clear glimpse into the lives, modes of function, and habits of the ancient society. In this, many aspects of their culture can be understood from reading the epic and analyzing the importance of it’s contents. However, certain details about large cultural ideologies, such as Anglo-Saxon beliefs concerning the universe and conduct, convey a deeper and more important understanding of Anglo-Saxon society. These

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay Free Essays

Education, in the military profession, is the procedure of culturing a individual to the hereafter needs of the administration. This procedure of preparing an person to accommodate the wide-ranging demands of the system is of paramount importance. Airmen of tomorrow will hold to set about operations which are non merely web centric but besides knowledge centric. We will write a custom essay sample on Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now As the universe changes at an unprecedented and speed uping rate, the constructs of war, peace, and struggle merge with each other. Human-centered aid, war against panic, insurgences, and rebellions now occupy the Centre phase for most armed forces. Success in any operation will come from sound preparation and quality instruction. Professional Military Education ( PME ) will play an of import function in guaranting that the IAF theodolites onto a more effectual acquisition environment. Effective PME will play a important function in the effectivity of any contending force in the hereafter. There is frequently confusion in the form in which military instruction should be conducted and the mode in which the officers have to be groomed. IAF requires officers who are educated so that they are able to happen solutions to the battalion of unexpected challenges that are bound to face them in the class of their callings. 2. Education is a uninterrupted procedure. If any organisation does non acknowledge the importance of instruction, it certainly is non germinating. It is a ‘must vision ‘ for an organisation like Indian Air Force to hold its officer cell strong in professional cognition, flexible and turning in idea and imaginativeness. Amidst turning national security challenges, Professional Military Education ( PME ) has to germinate to provide for the demands of a more complex and engineering intensive environment as we head towards our vision of tomorrow. In fact continued and comprehensive instruction plan is indispensable to develop rational abilities amongst officers to set about diverse missions in an intricate security scenario. Purpose necessities of instruction procedure and to give matter-of-fact and practical suggestions to modify the behavior of professional military instruction for officers in the IAF, providing to the complexnesss of future wars. Understanding Education Difference between preparation and Education 4. Training and instruction are two different procedures despite being associated with the similar demands of acquisition. The construct of preparation is usually designed to get specific accomplishments. These acquired accomplishments make a individual more employable and specialized in any profession. Therefore preparation is more specific, more focussed on a peculiar undertaking and is for a limited period of clip. Education on other manus is more wide based and is related to geting cognition and heightening mind. It is a procedure of complete mental and moral development. The methodological analysis of preparation is through specialised classs while instruction is a uninterrupted womb-to-tomb procedure. Another glowering difference concerns the limited range of originative thought and normative methods used in preparation. In the preparation procedure a individual is introduced to right methods go forthing small range for original originative thought. Education, in contrast focal points on making independent minds. Military instruction focuses on the art of war and on developing penetrations on how to contend the wars cleverly. It enables the forces to comprehend future menaces, engage in originative ways to decide struggle, select the right tools and methods, and achieve the coveted consequence. 6. In a complex and fast changing universe, there is demand for a comprehensive, broad ranging and all inclusive educational frame work embracing an academic course of study which trains for the certainty and yet is diverse plenty to be able to educate for uncertainness. Need for a alteration in Education Pattern 7. Rapid progresss in engineering and easy handiness of information dictate a serious reconsideration into the mode in which military instruction is conducted. Technology has revolutionized modern war combat. Basically what it means is easy entree to knowledge and in general an addition in cognition. In the yearss to come the full art of war combat will acquire engineering driven at an even faster rate thereby increasing the necessity to educate and intellectually equip officers to maintain gait with this alteration. In simple footings, officers will hold to possess necessary rational accomplishments to manage machine-controlled systems and work the overplus of information in the battleground. In any instance newer capablenesss would intend newer functions which will necessitate specialised accomplishments and above all a mentality to alter. A good structured educational form will play a important function in fixing officers to understand and confront these challenges. Military offic ers will necessitate particular accomplishments to believe, understand and show the effects of modern engineering. Importance of Critical thought 8. The profession of weaponries nowadayss legion occasions where officers are confronted with diverse and complex jobs. Teaching good thought solutions may assist officers get the hang some of these jobs. However, the cardinal prevarications in critical thought which provides the tools for happening specific solutions for a battalion of unfamiliar jobs. Critical thought pertains to the ability to measure information and mental idea processes in a structured mode. The implicit in rule is to be able to buttockss and understand information more comprehensively. In short it is all about doing the right judgement. PME in the IAF needs to advance critical thought so as to enable officers to get at rational and good reasoned determinations. A critical mind should be able to sift through overplus of informational inputs available to him and descry precisely what is unlogical and irrational. It is indispensable to provide for the extremely intricate and unstable nature of environment that the officers face presents. PME within the IAF needs to make full up nothingnesss created by deficiency of formalistic instruction for developing critical thought. To get down with there is demand for a vision in this field. Appropriate academic course of study and specialised classs can thenceforth be defined. The academic plan designed should advance believing accomplishments which remain unschooled in other educational classs. Thereafter, IAF can travel on to develop non traditional methods to absorb critical thought accomplishments in its officer cell. Web-based collaborative acquisition environments can be efficaciously utilised to educate officers utilizing simulations of modern-day military jobs. PROPOSED MEASURES FOR INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT 9. One of the most ambitious undertakings of a well planned PME plan is to bring forth inventive, advanced, adaptative and critical thought officers. The cardinal prevarications in following an educational plan which targets rational development and in a go oning mode. Some methods of guaranting overall rational growing are as given below: – Comprehensive Educational Framework. PME templet has to be complete in all respects in order to provide for comprehensive rational growing. This would connote taking and aiming the right topics at an early phase of an officer ‘s service calling. Most bing PME plans in IAF trade with basic professional and service specific topics and deficiency range for rational growing. In current scenario IAF is likely to be involved in a broad spectrum of operations including transnational operations necessitating all officers to hold an in deepness apprehension of complex topics such as Strategy, International Relations, Geopolitics, International jurisprudence, Economics and Military operations. These topics need to be introduced and taught from an early phase of an officer ‘s service calling so as to develop appropriate consciousness and consciousness right from the beginning. PME plans soon target limited transverse subdivision of officers and are non crossing the full service call ing. In-service classs in the IAF have been classified as mandatary, desirable and need based classs. While basic classs such as BASCO, ISCO, APKC and the Air staff Course are compulsory for all officers, there are other classs such as LDMC, HDMC, Higher Command, NDC etc which are merely desirable or need based and non done by all officers. Education is an indispensable tool for officers at all degrees of senior status. IAF may even believe of outsourcing military instruction and promote officers to avail survey leave and take up educational classs in civilian universities or with professional institutes abroad. Any signifier of pursuit for higher instruction should non be a hinderance to career promotion, but alternatively should be complementary and compulsory to career patterned advance. Most in service classs have now been made assessable and contribute to career patterned advance at least at the junior degree. Assessment in classs will merely give scholarly end product and may non needfully give out the existent rational degree of an officer. In any instance appraisal should ne’er be ultimate the purpose of any signifier of instruction, alternatively it should be rational development. PME should be compulsory for all degrees of officers, merely the demands at each phase should change. Some idea besides needs to be given to the sort of module we employ for carry oning PME. Often majority of our instructors come from within the service and may non possess needed educational experience or professional instruction accomplishments. Specialized topics would necessitate experient instructors who are non merely qualified but besides competent. Adapting Educational Programs to accommodate contemporary conditions. Security environment in the universe and within the state has changed over the old ages. Indian military readiness has changed from being simply Pak centric to modern twenty-four hours concerns like internal security, procuring our maritime boundary lines, international terrorist act, cyber warfare and atomic issues. PME besides needs to alter as per the demands placed on the present twenty-four hours IAF officer. Academic plans need to be diverse plenty to fix IAF officers non merely for tactical operations but besides strategic and operational degrees of operations. In simple footings, PME must fit IAF officers with suited academic abilities to cover with current jobs and besides remain relevant to the drawn-out functions. Adequate clip for Assimilation. All instruction plans have to be focussed to guarantee maximal assimilation, cognition augmentation and enhanced apprehension. Towards this IAF must follow educational waies with good spaced out academic course of study. Education is a womb-to-tomb procedure and can non be enforced. Alternatively there is a demand to foster and inflame quest for cognition. Assorted larning methods could be adopted changing from distance larning to net enabled acquisition bundles. Scenario based practical acquisition methods and determination simulations can be used to polish larning experience. Besides the content, equal thought demands to be given to manner in which the instruction will be conducted. Often unequal clip and deficiency of focal point by the administration towards educational plans tend to set off a scholar. The current distance larning plan implemented for junior officers in the IAF is an illustration. In short IAF has to hold a vision Any sort of PME p lan in IAF must guarantee dedicated learning clip for officers. Education for life. The service life of an officer can be loosely categorized into different phases of development get downing from the clip he joins the service to the clip of retirement. At each phase, the type of mental training and instruction demands are specific yet interlinked. A comprehensive educational plan with ample deepness and comprehensiveness has to be defined for the full service calling of every officer. Learning has to be broad ranging, wide based and uninterrupted. The different phases are: – Early Stage ( till 6 old ages of service ) . This is the most important phase of mental training and doubtless the most of import period in an officer ‘s calling. This phase lays the foundation for all subsequent rational growing. Education during this period should chiefly be concerned with professional topics with an purpose of fixing a sound professional. Apart from this educational plans could besides be utilized to transfuse a strong sense of pride in state and service, chumminess and espirit-de-corps. Complex topics such as leading, direction, moralss, scheme and international dealingss need to be introduced at this phase in order to foster a thought head at a ulterior phase. Availability of clip is frequently a restraint to effectual execution of any sort of educational plan at this phase and at that place has to be a balance between professional preparation activities and educational plans supplying rational growing. Phase II. This phase is from 7 to 18 old ages of service. The officer in this phase must be educated in nucleus competences of professional activities. Career patterned advance usually is the focal point during this phase. The officer must be encouraged to hone his planning and executive accomplishments. The traits that need to be watched are over assurance and misplaced sense of accomplishment. Educational focal point should now get down switching from service-specific proficiencies to joint operations. Once once more accent has to be on developing a thought head. Self acquisition has to be encouraged and rewarded. Phase III. Stage III is from above 18 old ages of service. During this phase an officer gets a opportunity to command an independent unit and goes on to work in assorted bid and staff assignments. Good cognition of executive maps, effectual fiscal, stuff and human resource direction are some important demands at this phase. In add-on educational plans have to transform selected officers into strategic analysts and advisers. Military officers in this class have to maturate as military leaders with a balanced, unfastened and academically complete head. Quest for instruction has to be promoted by promoting doctorial and Masterss ‘ grades in strategy-related subjects at reputed civilian universities both within the state and abroad. Encouraging Critical idea. Problem work outing and critical thought accomplishments have become necessary for all classs of officers and non merely for senior Air Force officers. Critical thought is an country that needs to be consciously addressed in PME plans. Blending Education with experience. In this context, the demand for instruction and experience are critical to the officers in the hereafter environment. The modern defense mechanism scheme demands us to keep a combat capableness across the full spectrum of struggle and we must make so in an environment of decreased resources being available for purchase of new high engineering equipment. As good, the choice of what high engineering equipment is to be purchased will go more of import as we try and maintain interoperability with Alliess in the hereafter. Finally, there is a demand to put a new construct of what it means to be a thought soldier. What is needed is non soldiers advised by bookmans – but instead soldier-scholars, or soldier-linguists, or soldier-social scientists, at appropriate degrees. Decision Education of officers within the IAF is a critical and cardinal investing. Any educational plan is borne out of experience over the old ages. It is an germinating procedure, which changes from clip to clip, maintaining the complexnesss demands of the administration in head. The quality of PME within the service will specify The human resource policy on manpower use Sept 2010 ( Jaspreet Singh ) Wg cdr How to cite Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay, Essay examples

Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay Free Essays

Education, in the military profession, is the procedure of culturing a individual to the hereafter needs of the administration. This procedure of preparing an person to accommodate the wide-ranging demands of the system is of paramount importance. Airmen of tomorrow will hold to set about operations which are non merely web centric but besides knowledge centric. We will write a custom essay sample on Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now As the universe changes at an unprecedented and speed uping rate, the constructs of war, peace, and struggle merge with each other. Human-centered aid, war against panic, insurgences, and rebellions now occupy the Centre phase for most armed forces. Success in any operation will come from sound preparation and quality instruction. Professional Military Education ( PME ) will play an of import function in guaranting that the IAF theodolites onto a more effectual acquisition environment. Effective PME will play a important function in the effectivity of any contending force in the hereafter. There is frequently confusion in the form in which military instruction should be conducted and the mode in which the officers have to be groomed. IAF requires officers who are educated so that they are able to happen solutions to the battalion of unexpected challenges that are bound to face them in the class of their callings. 2. Education is a uninterrupted procedure. If any organisation does non acknowledge the importance of instruction, it certainly is non germinating. It is a ‘must vision ‘ for an organisation like Indian Air Force to hold its officer cell strong in professional cognition, flexible and turning in idea and imaginativeness. Amidst turning national security challenges, Professional Military Education ( PME ) has to germinate to provide for the demands of a more complex and engineering intensive environment as we head towards our vision of tomorrow. In fact continued and comprehensive instruction plan is indispensable to develop rational abilities amongst officers to set about diverse missions in an intricate security scenario. Purpose necessities of instruction procedure and to give matter-of-fact and practical suggestions to modify the behavior of professional military instruction for officers in the IAF, providing to the complexnesss of future wars. Understanding Education Difference between preparation and Education 4. Training and instruction are two different procedures despite being associated with the similar demands of acquisition. The construct of preparation is usually designed to get specific accomplishments. These acquired accomplishments make a individual more employable and specialized in any profession. Therefore preparation is more specific, more focussed on a peculiar undertaking and is for a limited period of clip. Education on other manus is more wide based and is related to geting cognition and heightening mind. It is a procedure of complete mental and moral development. The methodological analysis of preparation is through specialised classs while instruction is a uninterrupted womb-to-tomb procedure. Another glowering difference concerns the limited range of originative thought and normative methods used in preparation. In the preparation procedure a individual is introduced to right methods go forthing small range for original originative thought. Education, in contrast focal points on making independent minds. Military instruction focuses on the art of war and on developing penetrations on how to contend the wars cleverly. It enables the forces to comprehend future menaces, engage in originative ways to decide struggle, select the right tools and methods, and achieve the coveted consequence. 6. In a complex and fast changing universe, there is demand for a comprehensive, broad ranging and all inclusive educational frame work embracing an academic course of study which trains for the certainty and yet is diverse plenty to be able to educate for uncertainness. Need for a alteration in Education Pattern 7. Rapid progresss in engineering and easy handiness of information dictate a serious reconsideration into the mode in which military instruction is conducted. Technology has revolutionized modern war combat. Basically what it means is easy entree to knowledge and in general an addition in cognition. In the yearss to come the full art of war combat will acquire engineering driven at an even faster rate thereby increasing the necessity to educate and intellectually equip officers to maintain gait with this alteration. In simple footings, officers will hold to possess necessary rational accomplishments to manage machine-controlled systems and work the overplus of information in the battleground. In any instance newer capablenesss would intend newer functions which will necessitate specialised accomplishments and above all a mentality to alter. A good structured educational form will play a important function in fixing officers to understand and confront these challenges. Military offic ers will necessitate particular accomplishments to believe, understand and show the effects of modern engineering. Importance of Critical thought 8. The profession of weaponries nowadayss legion occasions where officers are confronted with diverse and complex jobs. Teaching good thought solutions may assist officers get the hang some of these jobs. However, the cardinal prevarications in critical thought which provides the tools for happening specific solutions for a battalion of unfamiliar jobs. Critical thought pertains to the ability to measure information and mental idea processes in a structured mode. The implicit in rule is to be able to buttockss and understand information more comprehensively. In short it is all about doing the right judgement. PME in the IAF needs to advance critical thought so as to enable officers to get at rational and good reasoned determinations. A critical mind should be able to sift through overplus of informational inputs available to him and descry precisely what is unlogical and irrational. It is indispensable to provide for the extremely intricate and unstable nature of environment that the officers face presents. PME within the IAF needs to make full up nothingnesss created by deficiency of formalistic instruction for developing critical thought. To get down with there is demand for a vision in this field. Appropriate academic course of study and specialised classs can thenceforth be defined. The academic plan designed should advance believing accomplishments which remain unschooled in other educational classs. Thereafter, IAF can travel on to develop non traditional methods to absorb critical thought accomplishments in its officer cell. Web-based collaborative acquisition environments can be efficaciously utilised to educate officers utilizing simulations of modern-day military jobs. PROPOSED MEASURES FOR INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT 9. One of the most ambitious undertakings of a well planned PME plan is to bring forth inventive, advanced, adaptative and critical thought officers. The cardinal prevarications in following an educational plan which targets rational development and in a go oning mode. Some methods of guaranting overall rational growing are as given below: – Comprehensive Educational Framework. PME templet has to be complete in all respects in order to provide for comprehensive rational growing. This would connote taking and aiming the right topics at an early phase of an officer ‘s service calling. Most bing PME plans in IAF trade with basic professional and service specific topics and deficiency range for rational growing. In current scenario IAF is likely to be involved in a broad spectrum of operations including transnational operations necessitating all officers to hold an in deepness apprehension of complex topics such as Strategy, International Relations, Geopolitics, International jurisprudence, Economics and Military operations. These topics need to be introduced and taught from an early phase of an officer ‘s service calling so as to develop appropriate consciousness and consciousness right from the beginning. PME plans soon target limited transverse subdivision of officers and are non crossing the full service call ing. In-service classs in the IAF have been classified as mandatary, desirable and need based classs. While basic classs such as BASCO, ISCO, APKC and the Air staff Course are compulsory for all officers, there are other classs such as LDMC, HDMC, Higher Command, NDC etc which are merely desirable or need based and non done by all officers. Education is an indispensable tool for officers at all degrees of senior status. IAF may even believe of outsourcing military instruction and promote officers to avail survey leave and take up educational classs in civilian universities or with professional institutes abroad. Any signifier of pursuit for higher instruction should non be a hinderance to career promotion, but alternatively should be complementary and compulsory to career patterned advance. Most in service classs have now been made assessable and contribute to career patterned advance at least at the junior degree. Assessment in classs will merely give scholarly end product and may non needfully give out the existent rational degree of an officer. In any instance appraisal should ne’er be ultimate the purpose of any signifier of instruction, alternatively it should be rational development. PME should be compulsory for all degrees of officers, merely the demands at each phase should change. Some idea besides needs to be given to the sort of module we employ for carry oning PME. Often majority of our instructors come from within the service and may non possess needed educational experience or professional instruction accomplishments. Specialized topics would necessitate experient instructors who are non merely qualified but besides competent. Adapting Educational Programs to accommodate contemporary conditions. Security environment in the universe and within the state has changed over the old ages. Indian military readiness has changed from being simply Pak centric to modern twenty-four hours concerns like internal security, procuring our maritime boundary lines, international terrorist act, cyber warfare and atomic issues. PME besides needs to alter as per the demands placed on the present twenty-four hours IAF officer. Academic plans need to be diverse plenty to fix IAF officers non merely for tactical operations but besides strategic and operational degrees of operations. In simple footings, PME must fit IAF officers with suited academic abilities to cover with current jobs and besides remain relevant to the drawn-out functions. Adequate clip for Assimilation. All instruction plans have to be focussed to guarantee maximal assimilation, cognition augmentation and enhanced apprehension. Towards this IAF must follow educational waies with good spaced out academic course of study. Education is a womb-to-tomb procedure and can non be enforced. Alternatively there is a demand to foster and inflame quest for cognition. Assorted larning methods could be adopted changing from distance larning to net enabled acquisition bundles. Scenario based practical acquisition methods and determination simulations can be used to polish larning experience. Besides the content, equal thought demands to be given to manner in which the instruction will be conducted. Often unequal clip and deficiency of focal point by the administration towards educational plans tend to set off a scholar. The current distance larning plan implemented for junior officers in the IAF is an illustration. In short IAF has to hold a vision Any sort of PME p lan in IAF must guarantee dedicated learning clip for officers. Education for life. The service life of an officer can be loosely categorized into different phases of development get downing from the clip he joins the service to the clip of retirement. At each phase, the type of mental training and instruction demands are specific yet interlinked. A comprehensive educational plan with ample deepness and comprehensiveness has to be defined for the full service calling of every officer. Learning has to be broad ranging, wide based and uninterrupted. The different phases are: – Early Stage ( till 6 old ages of service ) . This is the most important phase of mental training and doubtless the most of import period in an officer ‘s calling. This phase lays the foundation for all subsequent rational growing. Education during this period should chiefly be concerned with professional topics with an purpose of fixing a sound professional. Apart from this educational plans could besides be utilized to transfuse a strong sense of pride in state and service, chumminess and espirit-de-corps. Complex topics such as leading, direction, moralss, scheme and international dealingss need to be introduced at this phase in order to foster a thought head at a ulterior phase. Availability of clip is frequently a restraint to effectual execution of any sort of educational plan at this phase and at that place has to be a balance between professional preparation activities and educational plans supplying rational growing. Phase II. This phase is from 7 to 18 old ages of service. The officer in this phase must be educated in nucleus competences of professional activities. Career patterned advance usually is the focal point during this phase. The officer must be encouraged to hone his planning and executive accomplishments. The traits that need to be watched are over assurance and misplaced sense of accomplishment. Educational focal point should now get down switching from service-specific proficiencies to joint operations. Once once more accent has to be on developing a thought head. Self acquisition has to be encouraged and rewarded. Phase III. Stage III is from above 18 old ages of service. During this phase an officer gets a opportunity to command an independent unit and goes on to work in assorted bid and staff assignments. Good cognition of executive maps, effectual fiscal, stuff and human resource direction are some important demands at this phase. In add-on educational plans have to transform selected officers into strategic analysts and advisers. Military officers in this class have to maturate as military leaders with a balanced, unfastened and academically complete head. Quest for instruction has to be promoted by promoting doctorial and Masterss ‘ grades in strategy-related subjects at reputed civilian universities both within the state and abroad. Encouraging Critical idea. Problem work outing and critical thought accomplishments have become necessary for all classs of officers and non merely for senior Air Force officers. Critical thought is an country that needs to be consciously addressed in PME plans. Blending Education with experience. In this context, the demand for instruction and experience are critical to the officers in the hereafter environment. The modern defense mechanism scheme demands us to keep a combat capableness across the full spectrum of struggle and we must make so in an environment of decreased resources being available for purchase of new high engineering equipment. As good, the choice of what high engineering equipment is to be purchased will go more of import as we try and maintain interoperability with Alliess in the hereafter. Finally, there is a demand to put a new construct of what it means to be a thought soldier. What is needed is non soldiers advised by bookmans – but instead soldier-scholars, or soldier-linguists, or soldier-social scientists, at appropriate degrees. Decision Education of officers within the IAF is a critical and cardinal investing. Any educational plan is borne out of experience over the old ages. It is an germinating procedure, which changes from clip to clip, maintaining the complexnesss demands of the administration in head. The quality of PME within the service will specify The human resource policy on manpower use Sept 2010 ( Jaspreet Singh ) Wg cdr How to cite Modifying The Conduct Of Professional Military Education Education Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Types of Nutrients free essay sample

Types of Nutrients A  healthy diet  is one that helps maintain or improve general  health. It is important for lowering many chronic health risks, such as  obesity,  heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and  cancer. A healthy diet involves consuming appropriate amounts of all essential nutrients and an adequate amount of  water. Nutrients can be obtained from many different foods, so there are numerous diets that may be considered healthy. For me, I think that there are 3 kind of diet that provided the important nutrients to our daily life needed which are vitamin, protein and also calcium. First of all, vitamins are substances that our body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins our body needs. They are vitamins  A,  C,  D,  E,  K  and the  B vitamins. We can usually get all these vitamins from the foods we eat. Our body can also make vitamins D and K. Each vitamin has specific jobs. We will write a custom essay sample on Types of Nutrients or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If we have low levels of certain vitamins, we may develop a deficiency disease. However, the best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. For example, we can get vitamin A from these foods such as liver, egg yolks, oily fish, carrots and potatoes. And the foods that contain vitamin C such as guavas, bananas, mangoes, strawberries, oranges, papayas, apples and other juicy fruits. Secondly, high quality protein in food is important to keep us energized, full between meals, and keep our body functioning. Protein is in every living cell in the body. Our bodies need protein from the foods we eat to build and maintain bones, muscles and skin. We get proteins in our diet from meat, dairy products, nuts and certain grains and beans. Proteins from meat and other animal products are complete proteins. This means they supply all of the amino acids the body cant make on its own. Foods containing protein help us to feel full in between meals, energized throughout the day, and it’s beneficial towards muscles, growth, and our body’s well being. Last but not least, calcium  is an essential mineral for our body. Calcium is necessary for the growth and maintenance of strong teeth and bones, nerve signalling, muscle contraction, and secretion of certain hormones and enzymes. Also, our body needs calcium to help muscles and blood vessels contract and expand, to secrete hormones and enzymes and to send messages through the nervous system. The exact amount of calcium we need depends on our age and other factors. Growing children and teenagers need more calcium than young adults. Older women need plenty of calcium to prevent osteoporosis. It is important to get plenty of calcium in the foods we eat. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt, and leafy, green vegetables. At the end, if the body is getting all the essential nutrients regularly, it will certainly be fit. It would be away from infections and diseases, which in turn will promote a healthy body growth and maintenance. A healthy diet would also be beneficial to the state of mind which would certainly make our life healthy and satisfactory. 1. Introduction Strategy General – to – Specific : A  healthy diet  is one that helps maintain or improve general  health. It is important for lowering many chronic health risks, such as  obesity,  heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and  cancer. A healthy diet involves consuming appropriate amounts of all essential nutrients and an adequate amount of  water. Nutrients can be obtained from many different foods, so there are numerous diets that may be considered healthy. 2. Thesis Statement I think that there are 3 kind of diet that provided the important nutrients to our daily life needed which are vitamin, protein and also calcium. 3. Topic Sentences First topic sentence : vitamins are substances that our body needs to grow and develop normally. Second topic sentence : high quality protein in food is important to keep us energized, full between meals, and keep our body functioning. Third topic sentence : calcium  is an essential mineral for our body. 4. Cohesive Devices First of all, Secondly, Last but not least, However, Also, At the end. 5. Concluding Strategy Make a Prediction : If the body is getting all the essential nutrients regularly, it will certainly be fit. It would be away from infections and diseases, which in turn will promote a healthy body growth and maintenance. COMPARISION ESSAY Travelling by Backpacking or Staying in a hotel. Travelling is one of the favourite hobbies almost all people have. There are several ways for travelling around the world, and they all include some good things and some bad things. Backpacking and staying in hotels are two of the most common ways of travelling, that’s why they are used by most people. The major differences that could be discussed between these two ways of travelling are the costs, the safety of the staying, and the availability of plans. Backpacking has been used by teenagers for a long time, and it has become really famous among young people who don’t have a lot of money for travelling. By backpacking people could save a lot of money and travel with less money than what they would need for paying a hotel. As the travellers will need to sleep in a hostel, there will always be the issue of insecurity, as any kind of people could enter and sleep in a hostel. Hostels are not always available as there are a lot of people who use them, so change of plans will always be a possibility in this way of travelling. People who rely on backpacking for their trips should always have a backup plan. Clearly, as mentioned before, backpacking is for people who have low budget for travelling and dislike the insecurity problem of hotels. Thus, there is always need a change in the trip as hotels are fully booking. In contrast, staying in hotel can always enjoy the good facilities of the hotels as they have paid on a high price. The level of security is good enough compare to backpacking. Also, the availability of plan is always worked since you have made a booking before your trip. Besides that, hotels are one of the most comfortable ways of travelling, but only if you have enough money. This way of travelling is mostly used by families and people who are wealthy enough to pay for good hotels. By staying at a hotel people will spend more money than they would spend in a hostel; of course a hotel will provide a high level of security to the traveller. To stay at most hotels, you need reservations, and once you have them you can rely on a place to sleep every night. In this way of travelling no backup plan is needed. Lastly, the two possibilities discussed above are really good since everything depends on the economic possibilities of every person. Personally I recommend staying at hotels even if they do not have an excellent quality because the services you get in exchange for your money could be the difference between having a good trip or a perfect mess. 1. Introduction Strategy General – to – Specific : Travelling is one of the favourite hobbies almost all people have. There are several ways for travelling around the world, and they all include some good things and some bad things. Backpacking and staying in hotels are two of the most common ways of travelling, that’s why they are used by most people. 2. Thesis Statement The major differences that could be discussed between these two ways of travelling are the costs, the safety of the staying, and the availability of plans. 3. Topic Sentences First topic sentence : Backpacking has been used by teenagers for a long time, and it has become really famous among young people who don’t have a lot of money for travelling. Second topic sentence : backpacking is for people who have low budget for travelling and dislike the insecurity problem of hotels. Third topic sentence : hotels are one of the most comfortable ways of travelling, but only if you have enough money. 4. Cohesive Devices Lastly, Also, In contrast, Thus, Besides that, Clearly 5. Concluding Strategy Make a Recommendation : Personally I recommend staying at hotels even if they do not have an excellent quality because the services you get in exchange for your money could be the difference between having a good trip or a perfect mess.

Friday, March 20, 2020

How to Make Homemade Magic Sand

How to Make Homemade Magic Sand Magic Sand  (also known as Aqua Sand or Space Sand) is a type of sand that doesnt get wet when placed in water. You can make your own Magic Sand at home by following a few simple steps. Magic Sand  Materials Basically, all you need to do is coat the sand with a waterproofing chemical. Just gather: Clean sandWaterproofing spray (such as Scotchguard) How to Make Magic Sand Place the sand in a small pan or bowl.Evenly spray the surface of the sand with the waterproofing chemical. You may need to shake the container of sand to expose untreated surfaces. You dont have to drown the sand in the chemical- youll have enough once the sand changes from looking dry to appearing wet.Allow the sand to dry.Thats it. Pour the sand in water and it wont get wet. How Magic Sand Works Commercial Magic Sand, Aqua Sand, and Space Sand consist of colored sand that has been coated with trimethylsilanol. This is a water-repellent or hydrophobic organosilicon molecule that seals any cracks or pits in the sand and prevents water from sticking to it. Magic Sand appears silvery in water because hydrogen bonding between water molecules causes the water to form a bubble around the sand. This is critical to how the sand functions because if the water didnt stick to itself so well, the anti-wetting agent wouldnt be effective. If you feel like testing this, try putting Magic Sand in a non-water-based liquid. It will get wet. If you look closely, youll see the sand forms cylindrical structures in the water, as the water forms the lowest surface area structure that it can around the grains. Because of this, people sometimes assume there is something special about the sand. Really, its the coating and the magic properties of water. Another Way to Make Magic Sand Water repellent sand was made long before toy makers marketed Magic Sand. Early in the 20th century, Magic Sand was made by heating together sand and wax. The excess wax was drained, leaving hydrophobic sand that behaved much like the modern product. More Fun Projects To Try Magic Colored Milk Project (Surface Tension)Make Silica or Pure SandMake Homemade Oobleck References   G. Lee, Leonard (Publisher) (1999),  The Boy Mechanic Book 2, 1000 Things for a Boy to Do. Algrove Publishing - Classic Reprint Series original  publication 1915.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

American Civil War Battles

American Civil War Battles The battles of the Civil War were fought across the United States from the East Coast to as far west as New Mexico. Beginning in 1861, these battles made a permanent mark upon the landscape and elevated to prominence small towns that had previously been peaceful villages. As a result, names such as Manassas, Sharpsburg, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg became eternally entwined with images of sacrifice, bloodshed, and heroism. It is estimated that over 10,000 battles of various sizes were fought during the Civil War as Union forces marched towards victory. The battles of the Civil War are largely divided into the Eastern, Western, and Trans-Mississippi Theaters, with the bulk of the fighting taking place in the first two. During the Civil War, over 200,000 Americans were killed in battle as each side fought for their chosen cause. The battles below are arranged by year, theater, and state. 1861 Eastern Theater April 12-14: Battle of Fort Sumter, South CarolinaJune 3: Battle of Philippi, VirginiaJune 10: Battle of Big Bethel, VirginiaJuly 21: First Battle of Bull Run, VirginiaOctober 21: Battle of Balls Bluff, Virginia Western Theater August 10: Battle of Wilsons Creek, MissouriNovember 7: Battle of Belmont, Missouri At Sea November 8: The  Trent  Affair, at Sea 1862 Eastern Theater March 8-9: Battle of Hampton Roads, VirginiaMarch 23: First Battle of Kernstown, VirginiaApril 5: Siege of Yorktown, VirginiaApril 10-11: Battle of Fort Pulaski, GeorgiaMay 5: Battle of Williamsburg, VirginiaMay 8: Battle of McDowell, VirginiaMay 25: First Battle of Winchester, VirginiaMay 31: Battle of Seven Pines, VirginiaJune 8: Battle of Cross Keys, VirginiaJune 9: Battle of Port Republic, VirginiaJune 25: Battle of Oak Grove, VirginiaJune 26: Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville), VirginiaJune 27: Battle of Gaines Mill, VirginiaJune 29: Battle of Savages Station, VirginiaJune 30: Battle of Glendale (Fraysers Farm), VirginiaJuly 1: Battle of Malvern Hill, VirginiaAugust 9: Battle of Cedar Mountain, VirginiaAugust 28-30: Second Battle of Manassas, VirginiaSeptember 1: Battle of Chantilly, VirginiaSeptember 12-15: Battle of Harpers Ferry, VirginiaSeptember 14: Battle of South Mountain, MarylandSeptember 17: Battle of Antietam, MarylandDecember 13: Battle of Fredericksburg, Vi rginia Trans-Mississippi Theater February 21: Battle of Valverde, New MexicoMarch 7-8: Battle of Pea Ridge, ArkansasMarch 26-28: Battle of Glorieta Pass, New MexicoDecember 7: Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas Western Theater January 19: Battle of Mill Springs, KentuckyFebruary 6: Battle of Fort Henry, TennesseeFebruary 11-16: Battle of Fort Donelson, TennesseeApril 6-7: Battle of Shiloh, TennesseeApril 12: Great Locomotive Chase, GeorgiaApril 24/25: Capture of New Orleans, LouisianaJune 6: Battle of Memphis, TennesseeSeptember 19: Battle of Iuka, MississippiOctober 3-4: Second Battle of Corinth, MississippiOctober 8: Battle of Perryville, KentuckyDecember 26-29: Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, MississippiDecember 31-January 2, 1863: Battle of Stones River, Tennessee 1863 Eastern Theater May 1-6: Battle of Chancellorsville, VirginiaJune 9: Battle of Brandy Station, VirginiaJuly 1-3: Battle of Gettysburg, PennsylvaniaJuly 3: Battle of Gettysburg: Picketts Charge, PennsylvaniaJuly 11 18: Battles of Fort Wagner, South CarolinaOctober 13-November 7: Bristoe Campaign, VirginiaNovember 26-December 2: Mine Run Campaign, Virginia Trans-Mississippi Theater January 9-11: Battle of Arkansas Post, Arkansas Western Theater Fall 1862-July 4: Vicksburg Campaign, MississippiMay 12: Battle of Raymond, MississippiMay 16: Battle of Champion Hill, MississippiMay 17: Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MississippiMay 18-July 4: Siege of Vicksburg, MississippiMay 21-July 9: Siege of Port Hudson, LouisianaJune 11-July 26: Morgans Raid, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, OhioSeptember 18-20: Battle of Chickamauga, GeorgiaOctober 28-29: Battle of Wauhatchie, TennesseeNovember-December: Knoxville Campaign, TennesseeNovember 23-25: Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee 1864 Eastern Theater February 16: Submarine  H.L. Hunley  Sinks USS  Housatonic, South CarolinaFebruary 20: Battle of Olustee, FloridaMay 5-7: Battle of the Wilderness, VirginiaMay 8-21: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, VirginiaMay 11: Battle of Yellow Tavern, VirginiaMay 16: Battle of New Market, VirginiaMay 23-26: Battle of North Anna, VirginiaMay 31-June 12: Battle of Cold Harbor, VirginiaJune 5: Battle of Piedmont, VirginiaJune 9, 1864-April 2, 1865: Siege of Petersburg, VirginiaJune 11-12: Battle of Trevilian Station, VirginiaJune 21-23: Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road, VirginiaJuly 9: Battle of Monocacy, MarylandJuly 24: Second Battle of Kernstown, VirginiaJuly 30: Battle of the Crater, VirginiaAugust 18-21: Battle of Globe Tavern, VirginiaSeptember 19: Third Battle of Winchester (Opequon), VirginiaSeptember 21-22: Battle of Fishers Hill, VirginiaOctober 2: Battle of Peebles Farm, VirginiaOctober 19: Battle of Cedar Creek, VirginiaOctober 27-28: Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Virginia Trans-Mississippi River April 8: Battle of Mansfield, LouisianaOctober 23: Battle of Westport, Missouri Western Theater May 13-15: Battle of Resaca, GeorgiaJune 10: Battle of Brices Cross Roads, MississippiJune 27: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, GeorgiaJuly 20: Battle of Peachtree Creek, GeorgiaJuly 22: Battle of Atlanta, GeorgiaJuly 28: Battle of Ezra Church, GeorgiaAugust 5: Battle of Mobile Bay, AlabamaAugust 31-September 1: Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough), GeorgiaNovember 15-December 22: Shermans March to the Sea, GeorgiaNovember 29: Battle of Spring Hill, TennesseeNovember 30: Battle of Franklin, TennesseeDecember 15-16: Battle of Nashville, Tennessee 1865 Eastern Theater January 13-15: Second Battle of Fort Fisher, North CarolinaFebruary 5-7: Battle of Hatchers Run, VirginiaMarch 25: Battle of Fort Stedman, VirginiaApril 1: Battle of Five Forks, VirginiaApril 6: Battle of Saylers Creek (Sailors Creek), VirginiaApril 9: Surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia Western Theater March 16: Battle of Averasborough, North CarolinaMarch 19-21: Battle of Bentonville, North CarolinaApril 2: Battle of Selma, Alabama